day1

A view in the northern Mongolia. Season of numerous Naadam festivals and horseraces is over. Today is August 23rd, 2016. Nomads in the valley including our host family are about to move to their autumn camps. Our host family will move tomorrow. Two boys aged 14 and 12 are to drive the animals 25 km on foot in 2 days. Gers\tents\, furniture and fences will be transported by 2 pick-up trucks. Photo by Bolod.

mong in2

A teenage boy from Inner Mongolia of  China is praying to Chingis Khaan's Monument in Ulaanbaatar. The Mongols of Mongolia proper massively pray to portrait of Tibetan Dalai in buddhist monasteries instead of praying to own great grand-father.  Unfortunately, Mongolia's Mongols only like to be taken photographed in front of the monument. You can see how local Mongols wildly and confortably spit in front of Chingis Khaan's Monument.

95% of Mongols in Inner Mongolia in China have Mongolian names while 40% of Mongols from Mongolia proper have Tibetan names. Photo taken by Bolod.

a shaman

A girl, a shaman\in center\, a "translator" and a woman-client. Shamanism is now booming in Mongolia. Since 1990-s, the ancient shamanism is reviving surprisingly nationwide. Almost all counties in Mongolia now have local shamans. Unfortunately, many of them are believed to be "business- shamans". Before 1990-s, there were only 3 provinces in Mongolia with some shaman- believing population-Dornod\the Buryats\, Huvsgul\the Darkhads\ and Bayan-Ulgii\the Uryankhais\. In 1921-1990 the shamans had difficult time. For example, Tseren, a famous shaman from Dornod Province was 2 times imprisoned for shamanic activities.

Photo by Bolod. 

having lunch

Samuel, an English boy, aged 8, from Essex, London is having a lunch in Mongolia's immensity. Photo by Bolod.

girl

The girl looking after a milk container while her older brother is busy by helping mother to milk mares. Mares are being milked every 2 hours on daily basis for airag which is a favorite drink of Mongols since immemorable time. The Mongols are indeed semi-vegetarians while they consume airag. Of course, they also store the airag for winter and spring consumption. The milking season is traditionally from the early July tll late October. Photo by Bolod.

herder1

A nomad family that we-I and 2 Finish women visited on July 26th, 2016 has about 700 sheeps and goats, 100 horses, 50 cows and no camels. He has a Land Cruiser jeep, a pick-up track and 2 motorcycles. Today, the family would be considered almost a rich herder. 

A medium wealthy nomad in Mongolia today would have about 500 sheeps and goats, 30 horses and 20 cows. Photo by Bolod.

24AFGHANISTAN master768 v2

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/24/world/asia/kabul-afghanistan-explosions-hazaras-protest.html?_r=

Hospitals treated the many people wounded on July 23rd, 2016 when suicide bombers struck a peaceful demonstration in Kabul staged by Hazaras. Since long time ago, the Hazaras have been discriminated in Afghanistan for both being of Mongol descent and of Shia faith.

KABUL, Afghanistan — The Islamic State claimed a bombing that left at least 80 people dead Saturday at a peaceful demonstration in the Afghan capital of Kabul, raising fears that the group may be extending its reach beyond the country’s eastern pockets, where it generally operates. The Afghan Interior Ministry, in a statement, said the attack on thousands of Hazaras, an ethnic minority group staging the protest, had been a suicide mission.

Photo by Adam Ferguson for the New York Times.

sigurd

Sigurd Barrett from Denmark embracing Mongolian immensity. His family of 7 has visited Mongolia and stayed overnight with a herder's family. When I was travelling with him I did not know that he was a well-known pianist, composer, entertainer and writer in Denmark. Photo taken on July 18th, 2016 by Bolod. 

modon mori

Dulguun, a 5 year-old Mongol boy riding a modon mori or "a wooden horse" at camp of his grand-parents. The boy is this fast because he is riding a "horse". His "horse" is a simple wood. The boy is holding a wip too. It's indeed a centuries-old entertainment of nomadic kids. Every Mongol kid including Temujin who would later became Chingis Khaan, was riding wooden horses. When I was a little boy like Dulguun, I also used to ride these "horses". Photo by Bolod.

additional food

Extra nutrition from the basket. Another horseracing season is nearing in Mongolia. Horserace is almost the greatest madness in Mongolia. Horses get injections too. Nomads train intensively their best horses nowdays as well as they feed them additionally.  Many men give additional nutrition to their race horses all the year around. Sometimes the Mongol men seem to be taking care of the horses much better than their children. Children ride horses during training and races. But the adults ride Chinese motorcycles more than  horses. Photo taken on June 29th, 2016 by Bolod.

blue sky

Having about 260 sunny days a year, Mongolia is often referred as a country of Blue Sky. Photo taken on July 2nd, 2016 by Bolod

goat and sheeps

Which domestic animal is the most numerious in Mongolia, goats or sheeps?

In past, the most numerious animals have been certainly sheeps, they used to be at least 3\4 of herd. Since 1990s, because of cashmere, the herders started raising more goats. By the end of 2015, there were 25 mln. sheeps and 24,5 mln. goats in Mongolia. Horses totalled -3.3 mln, cows 3.7 mln. and camels were -0.368 mln. The Mongolia's lifestock number reached 55 mln. by the end 2015. Photo taken by Bolod.

ts

Boy riding a reindeer in taiga forest in Huvsgul Province of Mongolia. His father is a Uigur or Tuvan and a Mongol. The Mongols call this tribesmen as the tsaatan that means "a people with reindeers". The Tsaatans speak an archaic Uigur language which is fairly comprehensible to Kirghizs and Kazakhs. Younger generation does not speak much the language. Names of the people are of Mongolian and Tibetan. This tribe is now rapidly dissappearing as ethnicity in Mongolia. There is a Tuva Republic in Russia that borders with Mongolia. Photo taken by Bolod.  

family2

Camp of a nomadic family.  Carts pulled by teme- bactrian or two-humped camels. It means that the camp is, of course, the temporary here! The carts are for moving to new site as well as for storage. There as a cart with a water container on it. Another cart is bringing fuel-argal or dried dungs of cow. There is no yaks in this region.

On the horizon is seen Darkhan Mountain. These plains around the mountain is the homeland of Mr. Choinom Rinchin\1936-1979\, one of the most talented poets of Mongolia. Eastern Mongolia's Hentii Province. Photo  taken by Bolod.

going somewhere

The soldiers of Chingis Khaan used to have spare horses while riding long distances. But this Mongol man of today certainly seems to be simply bringing the horses to a local race. Because the tail of one of his horses is seen bandaged in traditional way.

Most soldiers of Mongol cavalry armies of 13th century never returned to this homeland. They contributed their blood in extension and forming Kirgiz, Bashkirs, Tartars, Uzbeks, Persians, Russian and many others.

The biggest concentration of descendants of the Mongol cavalrymen are the most likely the mongol-looking Hazaras in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. Photo taken by Bolod.