/зохиогчийн эрхээр хамгаалагдана/

-Who are ethnically related to Mongols?!

-Many of Central and North Asian nations such as Tuvans, Kyrgyzs, Sakhas Yakuts/, the mongoloid-Kazaks and Altais are ethnically related to Mongols. All these people originated from Hunns/Hunnus/. Yakuts are direct descendants of ancient Turkic people. For example, till 1936, the Kazaks were known to their neighboors as Kyrgyzs.  Ethnically, the mongoloid-Kazaks came from the Kyrgyzs,  and they have got a significant admixture of the Mongols. Those newly formed nations of mixed origin such as Uzbeks, Turkmens, Uigurs, Hakases, Tartars, Bashkorts, Nogais have partial ethnic relationships with Mongols/some have more closer and others have more distint/. Tibetans for example, are believed to have separated from the proto-Huns. 

Kyrgyzs: The origin of the Kyrgyz as a people continues to be debated. The Kyrgyz themselves have some eighteen theories about how they came to be living where they are. One theory posits that the Qarakhanids (ruled 922-1211) moved the Kyrgyz from their homeland to the present location; another espouses that the Kara Khitai (ruled 1137-1220) were responsible for the move. There is even a theory that distinguishes the Kyrgyz who live around  Lake Issyk Kulfrom the Kyrgyz of the Upper Yenisei. In that case, the Kyrgyz of the Altai would be a mixed group made up of Mongolic, eastern Turkic, and Kipchaq peoples.

What is certain, however, is that as a people the Kyrgyz are close to the Kazakhs and that their movement, too, is tied to the march of the Hordes of Chingiz Khan west.

Records indicate that from very ancient times, a people called the Kyrgyz inhabited the Upper Yenisei River. The Orkhon inscriptions of 8th century AD mention the Kyrgyz as a people. Historical documents indicate that in the 10thcentury, the Kyrgyz overthrew the Uigurs who lived to their southwest. TheHudud al-Alim, an 11th century text written by an anonymous Muslim geographer, mentions them as a tribe living in that general area. In the thirteenth century, both the Kyrgyz and the Uigur became incorporated into the domains of Chingiz Khaan.

Tuvans or Tuvinians (Tuvan: Тывалар, Tyvalar) are a group of Turkic people who make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva, Russia. They are historically known as Uriankhai, from the Mongolian designation.

Tuvans have historically been cattle-breeding nomads, tending to their herds of goats, sheep, camels, reindeer, cattle and yaks for the past thousands of years. They have traditionally lived in yurts covered by felt or chums covered with birch bark or hide that they relocate seasonally as they move to newer pastures.

The Xiongnu ruled over the area of Tuva prior to 200 AD. At this time a people known to the Chinese as Dingling inhabited the region. The Chinese recorded the existence of a tribe of Dingling origin named Dubo in the eastern Sayans. This name is recognized as being associated with the Tuvan people and is the earliest written record of them. The Xianbei defeated the Xiongnu and they in turn were defeated by the Rouran. From around the end of the 6th century, theGöktürks held dominion over Tuva up until the 8th century when the Uyghurstook over.

Map showing extent of Uyghur Khanate and placement of Kyrgyz in 820 AD.
Map showing extent of Uyghur Khanate and placement of Kyrgyz in 820 AD.

Tuvans were subjects of the Uyghur Khanate during the 8th and 9th centuries. The Uyghurs established several fortifications within Tuva as a means of subduing the population. There are plans being discussed to restore the remains of one of these fortresses, Por-Bazhyn in lake Tere-Khol in the southeast of the country.[2] The memory of Uyghur occupation could still be seen up until the end of the 19th century due to the application of the name Ondar Uyghur for the Ondar Tuvans living near the Khemchik river in the southwest.[3] Uyghur dominance was broken by the Kyrgyz in 840 AD, who came from the upper reaches of the Yenisei. The Yeniseian Kyrgyz then established a small khanate that lasted until the coming of the Mongols in the 13th century.

In 1207, Turkic Oirat prince Kuduka-Beki led Mongol detachments under Jochi to a tributary of the Kaa-Khem river. They encountered the Tuvan Keshdims, Baits, and Teleks. This was the beginning of Mongol suzerainty over the Tuvans. One of Genghis Khan's greatest generals, Subutai, is said to have been an Uriankhai.

Tuvans came to be ruled for most of the 17th century by Khalka Mongol leader Sholoi Ubashi's Altyn-Khan Khanate. It was at this time in 1615 that the first Russians, V. Tyumenets and I. Petrov, visited Tuva as emissaries to the Altyn-Khan.[4] Russian documents from this time record information about different tribal groups that contributed to the composition of modern Tuvans. Tyumenets and Petrov describe the Maads, who became Russian subjects in 1609, living in the Bii-Khem basin, a 14 day's ride from Tomsk. The Maads travelled to the area of the Khemchik and Ulug-Khem next to the lands of the Altyn-Khan near the lake Uvs Nuur. The ambassadors also described the Sayan raising reindeer with the Tochi (Todzhi) from the Sayan to the Altai mountain ranges. The descendants of the Ak-Sayan and Kara-Sayan live mostly around Tere-Khol rayon.

The state of the Altyn-Khan disappeared due to constant warring between the Oirats and the Khalka of Jasaghtu Khan Aimak. The Tuvans became part of theDzungarian state ruled by the Oirats. The Dzungars ruled over all of the Sayano-Altay Plateau until 1755. It was during this time of Dzungarian rule that many tribes and clans broke up, moved around, and intermingled. Groups of Altayan Telengits settled in western Tuva on the Khemchik and Barlyk rivers and in the region of Bai-Taiga. Some Todzhans, Sayans, and Mingats ended up in the Altay. Other Tuvans migrated north across the Sayan range and became known as Beltirs (Dag-Kakpyn, Sug-Kakpyn, Ak-Chystar, Kara-Chystar). The languages of the Beltirs and Tuvans still contain common words not found in the language of the other Khakas (Kachins or Sagays).[5] Other Russian documents mention Yeniseian Kyrgyz (Saryglar and Kyrgyz), Orchaks (Oorzhaks) and Kuchugets (Kuzhugets) moving into Tuva from the north.

Besides the Turkic tribes mentioned above, there is indication that modern Tuvans are descended also from MongolicSamoyedic, and Kettic groups of peoples. Of the extinct Southern Samoyed groups, MatorKoibalKamas, andKaragas were assimilated mostly into the eastern Tuvans such as the Todzhins, Tofalars, Soyots, and Dukha. The Irgit tribe is also suggested as being from Samoyedic ancestors.[6] The Tuvan name for the Yenisei river may stem from an ancient Samoyedic name. Tribes such as Tumat, Mingat, Mongush, and Salchak are recognized as having a Mongolic origin.

According to Ilya Zakharov of Moscow's Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, genetic evidence suggests that the modern Tuvan people are the closest genetic relatives to the native peoples of North and South America.

The name of Uriankhai: There doesn't seem to exist a clear ethnic delineation for the application of the name Uriankhai. Mongols applied this name to all tribes of Forest People. This name has historically been applied to Tuvans. In Mongolia there are peoples also known by this name. A variation of the name, Uraŋxai, was an old name for the Sakha. Russian Pavel Nebol'sin documented the Urankhu clan of Volga Kalmyks in the 1850s.

Yakuts:  The Yakut or Sakha language belongs to the Northern branch of the Turkic family of languages. There are about 456,000 speakers (Russian census, 2002) mainly in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the , with some extending to the Amur, Magadan, Sakhalin regions, and the Taimyr and Evenki Autonomous Districts. The population of Yakutia is about 980,000[1] of whom approximately 382,000 are Yakuts[2] or about 39% of the population in Yakutia; their share lowered during Soviet rule due to forced immigration, and other relocation policies, but has slightly increased since. Given the large number of speakers, the Yakut language is considered to be somewhat less endangered than most other regional languages of the .

The Yakuts are divided into two basic groups based on geography and economics. Yakuts in the north are historically semi-nomadic hunters, fishermen, yak and reindeer breeders, while southern Yakuts also engage in animal husbandry focusing on horses and cattle.

Origin: Most scholars believe the Yakuts originally migrated from Olkhon and the region of Lake Baikal to the basins of the Middle Lena, the Aldan and Vilyuy rivers.

herders, while the southern Yakut raised cattle and horses. Both groups lived in yurts  and led a semi-nomadic life moving from winter to summer camps each year. 
In the 1620s Russians began to move into their territory, annexed Yakutia, imposed a fur tax, and managed to suppress several Yakut rebellions between 1634 and 1642. The discovery of 
gold  and, later, the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway , brought ever-increasing numbers of Russians into the region. By the 1820s almost all the Yakuts had been converted to the Russian Orthodox  church although they retained, and still retain, a number of shamanistic

In 1919 the new Soviet government named the area the 
Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

Stalin 's policy of collectivisation , which began in 1928, was responsible for many thousands of deaths, from which Yakut society did not begin to recover until the 1960s. 

An independent Yakut Republic  was declared by the Supreme Soviet  of Yakutia on 15 August, 1991.