An ancient grave or khirgisur\kyrgys khuur\ found at about 10km to south from Hukh Nuur or Blue Lake in eastern Mongolian Hentii Province. The grave is surrounded by a square fencing. Thousands of these graves spread throughout Mongolia have 2 types of fencing: round and round like this one.

What's about the name of Kyrgyz here? If Kyrgyz people lived in this area? No, they didn"t. Instead Kyrgyz nomads who were ancestors of Kazakhs and Kyrgyzs shortly lived in the far-western Mongolia, around Hyargas Lake there. Photo taken by Bolod.




The latest and one of the most successful monuments in Ulaanbaatar. Camel is called 'teme' in Mongolian. Here is a newly built monument of caravan\=temen jin\ on Chingis Khaan Square. It looks very beautiful and very Mongolian!!! Camel caravan was a centuries-long transport of Mongolian nomads based on two-humped animals. Photo taken by me, Bolod.

mongol way of riding

Mongols never ride horses in the same way. May be there are at least 1000 ways of horseriding. Photo taken by me, Bolod.


Head Monument of Kultegin\684-731\, a military leader of ancient Turks. Don't mix them with Turks from Turkey. These Ottomans have nothing to do with these Mongoloid nomads who lived in Mongolia. Descendants of the Turks are now living in Sakha-Yakutia, Russia's northern Siberia. They are now called Sakhas or Yakuts and still speak ancient or archaic Turkic. This head sculpture of Kultegin was unearthed from depth of 6 meters by Mongolia-Chekhoslovakia archeology expedition in 1958 in Hushoo Tsaidam, Arkhangai Province.

In 2013, Kazakhstan issued a banknote of 1000 tenge with the Kultigin's sculpture, although till 1923, the Kazakhs were known as  Kyrgyzs. The Kyrgyzs were nomadic in great Kyrgyz Steppe and  Yenisei Basin.

I always wonder why this military ruler looks a woman.

camel cart

22.6.2014. Although pick-up tracks are now main transport "animals" in Mongolia's couuntryside, some herders still use camels for transportation-bringing water, moving camp to new place. Photo taken in Hentii Province by Bolod. In order to understand more about happiness and sadiness of 10-12 mln. Mongols divided in 5\Mongolia, China, Russia, Afghanistan ang Kyrgyzstan\ countries, it's good also to "The Land of The Camel" by Schuyler Cammann. 1950. Ronald Press Company. New York. 

mongol beauties

Mongol beauties near their ger camp where they are growing up. The girl said she was a student at Law School in Ulaanbaatar. Of course, I don't know yet who will be the little girl when she grows up. I hope she will stay in countryside. Otherwise, who will raise animals and love herder-men? I wish more Mongolian girls stay in their nomadic areas rather than settling in Ulaanbaatar-a concrete jungle.

Two men and a woman are seen to go to milk mares for airag. So far nomadic culture of Mongols is still alive. But, exodus of rural population for Ulaanbaatar is horribly high since 1990. Photo taken by Bolod. 


10.10.2015. Two friends. Name of 3 year-old rider is Munkhbat or "Eternal Firm". The "rider" is not a girl, child is a boy because untill age of 3, the Mongols don't children's hair. It's a long standing tradition. Baby goat has no name. Although Mongols give names to dogs, they never name horses, goats, camels and goats. Instead they identify the animals  by age, color or distinctive feature. Photo taken by Bolod.


07.10.2010. A 16 year-old boy helping private miners to excavate coal from depts of 80 meters near Nalaikh Town.  He is a nice and friendly boy. He graduated the 7th class at school. Family of the boy came from far-western Uvs Aymag\Uvs Lake province\ a few years ago. As he says he and many other people from the town come everyday here to collect plastic bottles and canes in garbages dumped in huge mining cuarries. As Nalaikh coal mine was closed in 1995, workers immediately became unemployed. Miners and their  family members started scavaging coal privately for suburban families in Ulaanbaatar. 

Photo taken by Bolod.


The man standing in front of a Mongolia flag of Bogd Khanate is Mr.Bavuujav- Shudarga Baatar or "Upstanding Heroe" of Mongolia who sacrificed his life for cause of united Mongolia. On February 1913, Mongolia of Bogd Khanate sent 5 divisions of cavalry forces to liberate inner Mongolia from China. When 10000-men Outer and Inner and Mongolian forces controlled almost all of Inner Mongolia, Tsar Russia refused to sell weapons to the Mongols. In 1914, Outer Mongolian Army retreated from Inner Mongolia after 12-month battles due to lack of weapons.

Inner Mongolia was lost to China soon after death of Bavuujav in 1916. If in the morning of October 10th, Bavuujav was not hit by artillery fire, Mongolia's map may have now been different. It's sad.

You can read about his struggles for united Mongolia cause in "Banditry in Inner Mongolia":\http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/corff/im/Landeskunde/im-bandits-1.html\


02.10.2015. Spaces, spaces in countryside. Children playing in autumn camp herder's family. In Ulaanbaatar where 60% of Mongolia's 3 mln. population live, there is now no more space left in the capital for children to play freely like here, in countryside. In last 25 years, Ulaanbaatar's population has encreased  more than 3 times due to criminal mis-managment of this Central Asian nation by its alleged politicions that caused exodus rural inhabitants. Photo taken by Bolod.

boy and baby camel

A little boy helping grand-father to milk camels for making the hormog-a traditional drink in absence of his grand-mother who's gone to Ulaanbaatar. His grand-parent's family is now camped temporarily here, by main road Harkhorin-Ulaanbaatar in order to sell the drink. Photo taken by me, Bolod.


If I'm not mistaken, I have seen this particular tree near Hugnu Khaan Mountain. I will check it soon.

In 1985, about 800 hundred negatives of photographs taken in Mongolia and in southern\Inner\ Mongolia which was occupied by China since 1911 were donated to Uppsala University Library by a 95 year old man named Joel Eriksson. Although blind at the end of his life he was able to depict each picture about his personal experiences and adventures in “the Land of the Blue Sky". Joel Eriksson died in 1987 at the age of 97.\https://uppsalalibraryculturalheritage.wordpress.com/tag/swedish-mongolian-mission/\

born on horeback

Happy face. Born on horseback. A year-old baby sitting in front of his ancle on horse already shows a strong passion for riding horse. He came with his parents to visit grand-parents who live here at autumn camp temporarily located in the steppe near Herlen River and Bayanjargalan Village.

Father of this little rider served in coalition forces in Afghanistan and safely returned to his daughter. 17.9.2015. Photo taken by me, Bolod.

hukh nuur

Hukh Nuur or Blue Lake.The lake is shrank as well as Mongolia. In 1189, here, at bank of Hukh Nuur or Blue Lake, a twenty-seven year old warrior Temujin was declared as Chingis Khaan at a convention of dignities of Mongol tribes. Photo taken by Bolod.


In winter camp. 15.9.2015. Chech tourists helping nomads to unload hay that was brought from 250 km away by truck. Although herders are still in their autumn camps, some preparations for winter are already going on. Photo taken by Bolod.