milking mares

08.7.2015. If we came here 800 years earlier from now, we could have had a similar  picture. Although it's fairly dry in Mongolia, most herder families have started milking mares for making fermented mare's milk drink-airag. Mares are normally milked every 2 hours. 

If William of Rubruck who stayed in Mongolia in 1253-1254 had a camera, he could have taken similar pictures of milking mares. Photo taken by me, Bolod.


19.6.2015. A group of participants of Conference of "Herders with Thousands of Lifestock" in held in Ulaanbaatar. 800 delegates of herders selected from all over Mongolia attended the conference in order to discuss issues that face 300 000 herders who raise 60 mln. animals in the country. Most of them, of course, employ assistant-herders in order deal these numerous animals. Photo taken by me, Bolod. 


Help comes here also from abraod. Belgium travellers and my driver aiding a herder to load his horses on truck. The man and his 2 children will take the horses to village for Naadam races today. Their village has another nice name- Gurvanbulag or "Three springs". 29.7.2015. Photo taken by me, Bolod. 

milking camel

Milking camels. We met a herder milking about 10-15 camels and his son helping father. Photo taken by me, Bolod.


"-I'm waiting for my mom to finish milking".

Will the little girl be a herder like her mother and father when she grows up? A study shows that 60% of children of nomads don't dream of following the lifestyle of their parents. It's really sad if it comes true.  I took this photo at a nomadic campement in one of valleys of Hugnu Khaan Mountain in county, Bulgan Province. By the way, the Mongolia's only austronaut Gurragchaa grew up in this very valleys. Photo by me, Bolod N. Mukhadi.

making up

Making up in morning. Simple but nice. After the make-up, she would probably have some breakfast with suutei tsai\tea with milk\, urum\milk cream\ and bortsog\fried butter cookies\ with sugar. So, another happy summer day is starting for the little girl who is here under care of her grand-mother, a older sister and few others in this nomadic settlement. She, herself cares of her younger sister and younger brother. Photo taken by me, Bolod N Mukhadi.

 looking for xuushuur

16.7.2014.  Buren Village, Tuv Province. It looks a little boy accompanied by his mother is heading to ger\tent\canteens set up in Naadam area of Buren County to have probaly some food may be also snacks, juices... A teenager is holding some huushuur-s or pancakes in plastic bag. Probably his father has just bought them for him who may have been busy with horseraces...Photo taken by me, Bolod

 buryat soldiers

1905. Buryat soldiers of Russian Army in Amour River area during Russia-Japan War. Photo by V.K Bull.

For example, in bloody battles for Mukden City Russians lost 60000  soldiers and Japanese 41000 soldiers.



We are now in the middle of steppes called Herlen's Huduu Aral where historically the most important Mongolian language chronology book "The Secret History of Mongols" was written by an anonymous author after death of Chingis Khaan 1227. The steppe is found in south-western part of Hentii Province, to north from Herlen River. 

It's peaceful here so far. Save Mongolia from world mining companies!!! There is likely no a healthy miner who can live 100 years, but damages to nature caused by him may last for hundreds of years after him. Photo taken by me, Bolod.

scraching windows

A winter image in public buses in Ulaanbaatar. Not being announced bus stops, passengers have to schratch and blow ice on windows  like this in order to know who they are travelling like that. People say old buses imported from abraod cannot heat enough... Photo taken by me, Bolod.

 camel in use

Darkhan Mountain is on horizont. A man sitting in blue del\mongolian costume\ is Mr. Od or "Star" in Mongolian\ the head of family. The family is watching a french girl to ride camel. Blue plastic on cart is for water. This family uses their camels for bringing water and moving  their ger to a new place with carts.  Mr. "Star" is now to show us a cave found nearby mountain. He gave me his mobile phone number. I will visit the family in case I go to this area in Hentii Province.  Photo taken by me, Bolod.

winter clothes

Here is a boy who was driving the horses shown in the previous photo. He is dressed in warm sheepskin Mongolian costume.  His horse  got its heavy wool "coat" too. Winter in Mongolia is normally not windy, It's just cold. So winter is just nice. Your horse is in heavy winter "clothes" too. Photo taken by me, Bolod.


cold and beautiful

Driving horses. Not us, a boy was driving his horses towards his home. We were driving just our car. Mongolian horses are a semi-wild type. That's why they never go home voluntarily and someone should occasionaly drive them back closer to camp. Normally horses stay in home area, but not neccessarily closer to owner's camp place. Photo taken by me, Bolod. 


At Sumiin Naadam or County's Naadam. Festival or naadam in village is certainly small, it's normally less organised and less disciplined, but it's more natural. Spectators who are mostly herders, watching closely a wrestling bout during the Naadam festival of 90th Anniversary of their county. It's very possible that wrestler in blue civilian costume had no time to change clothes because of being too buzy with his jockeys and horses participating in races. Photo taken by me, Bolod.  


A homeless woman who earns her living by collecting plastic bottles and cans is sleeping safely and confortably here, just about 150 meters away from Government House and 100 meters from National History Museum in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. She is self-employed like this collecting plastic bottles.  She is the most likely homeless. She lives moving around like a nomad. There are many homeless people in this country. It's a fact that during socialist time that ended in 1990, almost none was homeless like her. It was not allowed to be unemployed or  either homeless that time. Photo taken by Bolod.