having lunch

Samuel, an English boy, aged 8, from Essex, London is having a lunch in Mongolia's immensity. Photo by Bolod.


The girl looking after a milk container while her older brother is busy by helping mother to milk mares. Mares are being milked every 2 hours on daily basis for airag which is a favorite drink of Mongols since immemorable time. The Mongols are indeed semi-vegetarians while they consume airag. Of course, they also store the airag for winter and spring consumption. The milking season is traditionally from the early July tll late October. Photo by Bolod.


A nomad family that we-I and 2 Finish women visited on July 26th, 2016 has about 700 sheeps and goats, 100 horses, 50 cows and no camels. He has a Land Cruiser jeep, a pick-up track and 2 motorcycles. Today, the family would be considered almost a rich herder. 

A medium wealthy nomad in Mongolia today would have about 500 sheeps and goats, 30 horses and 20 cows. Photo by Bolod.

24AFGHANISTAN master768 v2


Hospitals treated the many people wounded on July 23rd, 2016 when suicide bombers struck a peaceful demonstration in Kabul staged by Hazaras. Since long time ago, the Hazaras have been discriminated in Afghanistan for both being of Mongol descent and of Shia faith.

KABUL, Afghanistan — The Islamic State claimed a bombing that left at least 80 people dead Saturday at a peaceful demonstration in the Afghan capital of Kabul, raising fears that the group may be extending its reach beyond the country’s eastern pockets, where it generally operates. The Afghan Interior Ministry, in a statement, said the attack on thousands of Hazaras, an ethnic minority group staging the protest, had been a suicide mission.

Photo by Adam Ferguson for the New York Times.


Sigurd Barrett from Denmark embracing Mongolian immensity. His family of 7 has visited Mongolia and stayed overnight with a herder's family. When I was travelling with him I did not know that he was a well-known pianist, composer, entertainer and writer in Denmark. Photo taken on July 18th, 2016 by Bolod. 

modon mori

Dulguun, a 5 year-old Mongol boy riding a modon mori or "a wooden horse" at camp of his grand-parents. The boy is this fast because he is riding a "horse". His "horse" is a simple wood. The boy is holding a wip too. It's indeed a centuries-old entertainment of nomadic kids. Every Mongol kid including Temujin who would later became Chingis Khaan, was riding wooden horses. When I was a little boy like Dulguun, I also used to ride these "horses". Photo by Bolod.

additional food

Extra nutrition from the basket. Another horseracing season is nearing in Mongolia. Horserace is almost the greatest madness in Mongolia. Horses get injections too. Nomads train intensively their best horses nowdays as well as they feed them additionally.  Many men give additional nutrition to their race horses all the year around. Sometimes the Mongol men seem to be taking care of the horses much better than their children. Children ride horses during training and races. But the adults ride Chinese motorcycles more than  horses. Photo taken on June 29th, 2016 by Bolod.

blue sky

Having about 260 sunny days a year, Mongolia is often referred as a country of Blue Sky. Photo taken on July 2nd, 2016 by Bolod

goat and sheeps

Which domestic animal is the most numerious in Mongolia, goats or sheeps?

In past, the most numerious animals have been certainly sheeps, they used to be at least 3\4 of herd. Since 1990s, because of cashmere, the herders started raising more goats. By the end of 2015, there were 25 mln. sheeps and 24,5 mln. goats in Mongolia. Horses totalled -3.3 mln, cows 3.7 mln. and camels were -0.368 mln. The Mongolia's lifestock number reached 55 mln. by the end 2015. Photo taken by Bolod.


Boy riding a reindeer in taiga forest in Huvsgul Province of Mongolia. His father is a Uigur or Tuvan and a Mongol. The Mongols call this tribesmen as the tsaatan that means "a people with reindeers". The Tsaatans speak an archaic Uigur language which is fairly comprehensible to Kirghizs and Kazakhs. Younger generation does not speak much the language. Names of the people are of Mongolian and Tibetan. This tribe is now rapidly dissappearing as ethnicity in Mongolia. There is a Tuva Republic in Russia that borders with Mongolia. Photo taken by Bolod.  


Camp of a nomadic family.  Carts pulled by teme- bactrian or two-humped camels. It means that the camp is, of course, the temporary here! The carts are for moving to new site as well as for storage. There as a cart with a water container on it. Another cart is bringing fuel-argal or dried dungs of cow. There is no yaks in this region.

On the horizon is seen Darkhan Mountain. These plains around the mountain is the homeland of Mr. Choinom Rinchin\1936-1979\, one of the most talented poets of Mongolia. Eastern Mongolia's Hentii Province. Photo  taken by Bolod.

going somewhere

The soldiers of Chingis Khaan used to have spare horses while riding long distances. But this Mongol man of today certainly seems to be simply bringing the horses to a local race. Because the tail of one of his horses is seen bandaged in traditional way.

Most soldiers of Mongol cavalry armies of 13th century never returned to this homeland. They contributed their blood in extension and forming Kirgiz, Bashkirs, Tartars, Uzbeks, Persians, Russian and many others.

The biggest concentration of descendants of the Mongol cavalrymen are the most likely the mongol-looking Hazaras in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. Photo taken by Bolod.

summer in mongolia

Summer in Mongolia. June 21st, 2016. Photo taken by Bolod.


It was raining today from 1 a.m  till late afternoon. Rain in June is good first of all for Mongolia's nomads. They are very happy with these rains. Mongolia is now more green than last several years. It was even snowing in mid-May. Mongolia's the most rainy season yet to come-June and August. Photo taken on June 21st, 2016 by Bolod.


Looking at the photo, you may think the Mongols worship Chingis Khaan a lot.

Unfortunately, you are fairly wrong. These people are pretending to "pray" to the greatest grand-father of the Mongols. A group of bureucrats standing in front of Chingis Khaan Monument in Ulaanbaatar for a show photo in the eve of incoming Parliamentary elections. The Mongols stopped praying to the greatest grandfather-Chingis Khaan since they in 16th century converted to Tibetan Buddhism. The Mongols pray to the portrait of Tibetan Dalai Lama instead of praying to the Statue of Chingis Khaan. Photo by Bolod.