Horkhog or Mongolian barbeque is ready in the herder's ger tent: hot stones are being taken out one by one, potatoes also, then pieces of goat meat. It smells delicious! I can't wait!  A vegan may want taste it. Let's have a dinner! It's already dark outside, it's evening.  But a solar panel outside and battery gives a good light in the herder's ger\tent\. Photo taken by Bolod.


Encounter with the herder in a valley of Mongolian countryside. The man whose ger\tent\ is in next valley is herding here his floak of sheeps and goats. Volves are his main concern. Who knows there can be a rare "volve or volves" with 2 legs too although penalty for stealing animals is fairly severe in Mongolia. Photo by Bolod.

inner mongol

Inner Mongols. 1912. On December 26th of 1912 Mongolia sent its cavalry army to liberate Inner Mongolia\southern Mongolia\ from China. By July of 1913, the joint forces of 10000 Outer and Inner Mongolian cavalrymen controlled almost all of Inner Mongolia, however Outer Mongolian forces retreated due to a lack weapons in the end of 1913. Tsar Russia refused to sell weapons and ammunitions to Outer Mongolian army. The southern Mongols who desperately wanted to be united with other Mongols, kept fighting after the withdrawal of Outer Mongolian army from Inner Mongolia at end of 1913...


A son of a reindeer family in taiga forest of Huvsgul Province is making in his urts\ouke\ or tent gifts for foreign tourists who massively visit their campements. His mother is a Mongol and father is an Uigur. The Russians call the Uigurs who live in Tuva Republic in Siberia as Tuvans. The reindeer people whom the Mongols call  "Tsaatans"\reindeer people\ are indeed the descendent s of ancient Uigurs who once lived \745-840\ in central western Mongolia. Those mongol-looking Uigurs who now live in the north-western Xinjiang-Uigur Autonomous Region of China are ethnically related to the ancient Uigurs. Photo taken by Bolod.

drinking yogurt

Drinking tarag or yogurt in ger \felt tent\ of a herder in Mongolia. Photo taken by Bolod.

collecting bottles

A man carriyng a large bag filled with plastic bottles in a Ulaanbaatar's street. He is one of thousands of men, children and women engaged in this business for survival in Ulaanbaatar and other towns of Mongolia. Politicions, rich and salary men label them as lazy and stupid. At 4-5 o'clock in the morning, there are only 3 groups of people on Ulaanbaatar streets: street cleaners, young people returning home from night clubs\bars and these "lazy" ones-bottle collectors. Photo by Bolod.


An employment in the middle of nowhere.  A chef of a 5-star authentic Mongolian food restaurant is working this hard every day. Photo taken by Bolod.

give me my horse

"-Give me my horse!" says younger brother. Every Mongol kid including Temujin was riding "modon mori" or wooden or stick "horses". I was riding theses "horses" too. Photo taken by Bolod.


The yaks called "sarlag" by the Mongols grazing in east of Ulaanbaatar. These yaks are "immigrant" animals in the central Mongolia's Hentii mountains. Although Hentii mountains geographically belong to eastern Mongolia, it's naively and politically regarded as central Mongolia's mountains. There were not yaks here till 40-50 years ago. When herders from western Mongolia settled in the Hentii mountains, some of them brought their yaks with them. They normally have a problem in adaptation in the new land. Local volves also have a problem in catching these fury animals with thick skin.

The overwelming majority of the Mongolia's 500 000 yaks inhabits 350-400 km west and north-west of Ulaanbaatar. Photo by Bolod.

drying meat

A nomadic way drying meat in ger\tent\ that's been practiced since time immemorial by the Mongols and by other Central Asians-the Kyrgyzs who are Kyrgyzs and Kazakhs since 1923, the Turks who are the Sakha-Yakuts in Siberia and the Uigurs who are now called the Tuvans. The Mongols call dryed meat-"borts".

Rs: Don't be confused ancient Turks and Uigurs with Turks\Ottomans\ from Turkey and Uigurs from Xingiang in China. Photo by Bolod.

ousted from market

"-We, the Mongolia's camels all want to work as all our ancestors did. But no demand for us. First, from 1950-s, the Soviet trucks started grabbing our market, then from 2000-s from Chinese, Japanese and Korean trucks completely ousted us from market. Today, in 2016, we-the camels are 367 000 in Mongolia. Unemployment is too high among us. A few of us rarely find jobs for a few hours.,

We always work for free. We don't need petrol or gas.  We don't even need saddle or cart. As you know, our wool is scarse briefly, April and August. Shame the Mongols who does not care of our employment !!! You spend all your time with horses. You-this generation of Mongols are so shame !".  

Translation and photo by Bolod.

mongol mori

In 1941-1945, the Mongols helped Soviet Army with everything they had including a half million horses to Soviet Army. Factories in Mongolia were working day and night in order to provide Soviet soldiers with uniforms, blankets, boots, winter coats and jackets, warm "valenki". Although the most Mongols lived fairly poor, every family warmheartly contributed to the soldiers in the frontline: horses, camels, lifestock, jewellery, food, fruits, sheepskin coats, leather belts, gloves, jackets, gifts...

The Russia-born Buryats who lived in Mongolia were labelled by Choibalsan, the country's dictator as "remnants of Tzar  Russians" and sent in 1934-1938 to Soviet GULAG camps. Those who survived the labor camps,  joined the Soviet Army and fought against the nazi Germans. The most of them died in the fronlines. A very few of them survived the war and returned home in Mongolia after the death  of Stalin in 1953.

waiting for mom

A little kid patiently waiting for her\his\ mom to finish milking all the cows with "babies". The kid knows that mother has to milk cows everyday. Every Mongol, including Temujin who later would become Chingis Khaan experienced the same "waiting" when he or she once was a child. Children also helps their mothers by guarding milk container that prevents other cows from drinking it. It' been like this for thousand years in Mongolia's land. Location Bulgan Province. Mongolia. Date: June 05, 2013. Photo by Bolod. 


Freedom in Mongolia. 

The eagle is free to fly wherever he wants to. Because he is not captured by eagle hunters.

The nomad family is free to move wherever they want to. Because pasture land is not privatised in Mongolia which is the 19th biggest country in the world by size of its land mass. Unfortunately, in some areas, foreign and Mongolian mining companies started dusturbing this centuries-long freedom. In 2015, Mr. Munkhbayar Tsetsegee, the 2007 Goldman Environmental Prize winner who was sentenced for 7 years jail term his struggles against dustructive mining opertations has been freed from prison after serving 2 years behind bars.

Photo by Bolod.


A Mongolian mother and her son are aiding a French tourist to pack one of horses that he and his friend bought in Bulgan Province for horseriding. The mother was sewing and the son was repairing. Today is May 22nd, 2013. Horses are still very weak after long winter and windy spring in Mongolia. 

As the Frenchmen got ready to start a long horseriding, I left them and returned Ulaanbaatar. Surprisingly, in about 10 days, the Frenchmen called me from somewhere in other countryside asking me to translate their bargaining with some nomads about a motorcycle... Photo taken by Bolod.